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WHY DOES MY PET SCRATCH?

The pruritus (itch) is one of the motives most frequently consulted at the veterinary clinic. One of the most probable reasons of the itch in dogs and cats are the allergies. Dogs and cats show pruritus (itches) when they scratch, lick, bite or rub the body against several objects.

These signs of pruritus can be continuous or intermittent, slight or intense, stationary ( they only show on a certain period of the year), more intense outside or inside the house…

DOCUMENT 1: About allergy

  1. What is allergy?
  2. How does it happen?
  3. How does it start?
  4. Most common allergies
  5. How can we prevent the allergy?
  6. How can we treat the allergy?

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DOCUMENT 2: About immunotherapy

  1. What is the immunotherapy?
  2. How to administer?
  3. What reactions can it cause?
  4. How much time does it takes to get the desired effect?
  5. Can we combine it with other treatments?

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One of the most frequent motives of consultation are the cutaneous illnesses with pruritus (itch) as the main symptom among the ones the allergies are found, for which it is fundamental for the clinic to know how to differentiate them by means of a correct diagnosis to carry out an adequate therapeutic approach.

The most common allergic diseases in pets are the allergy to flea bite (), food allergy (FA) atopic allergy or atopy, an important increase of these pathologies in the last years has been observed.

The allergic patients suffer an alteration of its immune system genetic planned through which it reacts in a high way to the contact with some substances called allergens.

The veterinary allergy has crossed a long way in the last 25 years. During the 70´s appears in the market the first “cutaneous test kits” for the diagnostic of the atopy in dogs, and they offered a limited selection of mixed allergens: some pollens, moulds, flea extract and dust house.

The modern techniques of production have permitted to the production companies to improve in a high way the quality of the extracts and the antibodies used in the diagnostic test.

The “in vitro” diagnostics permits to measure the IgE specific antibodies in serum of the patients. It got out in the market in the 80´s. Nowadays Enzymatic methods (ELISA) are being used.

The reliability of these “in Vitro” tests is getting higher and higher, so even supporting the cutaneous test as the reference test, its use is getting lower because it requires a great experience of the veterinary clinic and it is uncomfortable for the animal. On the contrary, the “in vitro” test only needs to take a serum sample that gets to the laboratory and it does not require any suppression period of previous treatments.

DOCUMENT 1: About the diagnostic

  1. When we can do the test in vitro: patient election, age, year period.
  2. Choosing panel.
  3. Interpretation of results

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DOCUMENT 2: About immunotherapy

  1. Useful information of the immunotherapy in allergic deseases.

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INFORMATION:

Portal veterinaria
Colvet
Avepa
Amvac

 

MAGAZINES:

Consultavet
Aulaveterinaria
Veterinaria
Visionveterinaria
Argos
Vet24

 

POLLEN & ALLERGENS:

Seaic.es
Polleninfo.org
Polenes.com
http://lap.uab.cat/
Uib
Teninfo
Pracgsi.ulpgc
Madrid.org
PIA